Palliative care is a specialized health care for people who aims to maximize the quality of life. Palliative care is also known as comfort care, focused not on death, but on compassionate specialized care for the living. Palliative care programs also address mental health and spiritual needs. The focus of palliative care services is to make the person feel happy and healthy.
Palliative care may occur in a hospice, in-home, or at the hospital. Services available include:
-Consultancy to the individual's doctor
-Social worker services
Palliative care workers also provide help and support during the grieving procedure. Since medical needs vary depending upon the disease that is leading toward death, technical palliative care plans exist for common conditions like cancer and AIDS. Specialized caregiving can also be needed if changes in the brain cause coma or dementia.
Palliative Care has been recognized as a medical specialty since 1987, nevertheless, it is only lately that the palliative care needs of children and their families have been contemplated.
Pediatric palliative care is the active total care of the child's body, mind, and spirit, and also involves giving support to the household. It starts when the illness is diagnosed and proceeds regardless of whether or not a child receives therapy aimed at the disease.
Palliative care also involves people who are preparing for the death of someone they love. Other issues that need to be considered are the power of attorney arrangements, and the right to expire, including voluntary euthanasia. There also has various support services, education and training programs, respite services, and resource centers provided for carers.
The multi-disciplinary approach to palliative care is ensured through the inclusion of a wide range of specialists, including doctors, psychologists, nurses, pharmacists, social workers, and other medical staff linked to the allied health profession. In this way, the drugs used in doing this task don't attempt to treat the disease or positively influence the predisposing condition of this disease, but also make the patient comfortable and pain-free.